Shortly after the Tsunami Pam discovered that the children who had lost parents and other loved ones and those who experienced the horror of the tragedy were helped when encouraged to draw and paint.
Pam was encouraged to explore using other creative tools such as use of clay as well as painting and drawing to help these children express their emotions. She discovered that as she often worked without a translator she could communicate with children in this way.
The children also responded well to drama and music therapy.
Sand tray work is particularly powerful.
Both adults and children respond well to working with sand and this enables them to express emotions.
Music and drama therapy are also very effective methods of working with trauma and intense sadness.